Human trafficking is somewhat starting to be seen as a human rights problem by the world now, whereas before this issue was put on the back-burner in terms of human rights violations. Human trafficking is not subject to certain countries or certain economies, trafficking happens anywhere and relatively everywhere, even in the United States of America. Countries like Thailand, Armenia, Ghana, China, and many more. Human trafficking is used as a source of income for some countries, which is why even though it is on Tier 3 of the Trafficking in Persons Report conducted by the U.S. government, they see no problem in human trafficking and are making no deliberate efforts to change. There is also no question that it is prominent in the Middle East, being used as a war tactic. Iraq being one of the headquarters for ISIS, there is bound to be human trafficking. According to the BBC, ‘more than 3,000 Yazidi women and children, a minority group of Iraq, have been captured by ISIS militants and are being trafficked for sex.’ There is talk of being raped, tortured, and starved.
Human trafficking is not only used as a weapon of war, but also by gangs that take advantage of the absence of human trafficking laws in Iraq. Most of the crimes committed by these gangs are human organ trafficking, female sex trafficking, and child slavery. These gangs exploit and take advantage of foreigners, who come over with no jobs. Stated by an Al-Monitor article, Iraq a hotbed for human trafficking,” There is no public awareness in this regard in the country. Moreover, she pointed out that the victims of human trafficking also become victims of other laws applied against them, and that the law treats them as criminals, not victims.” “Human trafficking operations are not carried out randomly, but in a very organized manner by gangs that are involved in these operations at all levels — including begging, prostitution and organ trafficking. Children are being kidnapped and forced to beg, while young girls are being forced into prostitution in private homes. They all live under dire conditions that resemble slavery.”